External Review Committee members

Reidar Kvam

Reidar Kvam

Reidar Kvam
Global lead for sustainability and standards, World Bank

Third year on the Committee

Reidar Kvam is the World Bank’s global lead for Social Sustainability and Standards. He serves as the World Bank’s lead technical specialist, advising management and employees on strategy and long-term interventions on policy and operational issues related to social sustainability and standards. In this role he coordinates a team around 160 social development specialists and represents the World Bank in external partnerships around the social sustainability agenda. 

Prior to this position, Reidar was Senior Manager at IFC, the private sector part of the World Bank Group. He coordinated the development and stewardship of IFC's Sustainability Policy and Performance Standards, and led IFC’s engagement with the World Bank, Equator Principles financial institutions, export credit agencies, other development financial institutions, and civil society.

Reidar has a Ph.D. in Social Anthropology from the University of Bergen, Norway. He joined the World Bank Group in 1996, after having worked in academia, the UN system, and with Norway’s bilateral aid program. 

John Gardner

John Gardner

John Gardner, 
Vice President and Chief Sustainability Officer, Novelis Inc

Second year on the Committee

John Gardner is Vice President and Chief Sustainability Officer for Novelis Inc, the world’s leading aluminium rolled products and aluminum recycling company. He is a member of the Global Executive Committee and the Novelis Sustainability Advisory Council. He is responsible for driving sustainability across Novelis’ operations in 12 countries and 11,000 employees. John Gardner has held a number of senior roles in more than 25 years with Novelis.

Seema Arora

Seema Arora

Seema Arora,
Executive Director, Confederation of Indian Industry

Second year on the Committee

Seema Arora pioneered the creation of services on environment and sustainable development at the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII). Her journey with CII began with engaging Indian industry in the lead up to the Earth Summit in 1992.

Seema works on designing new products and frameworks to build the business case for industry to invest in sustainability. She has created several initiatives including the world’s first corporate sustainability label and develops policy instruments and approaches for sustainable development.

Her main areas of interest are environmental policy, management systems, corporate sustainability, institutional strengthening and capacity building.

Bernice Lee

Bernice Lee

Bernice Lee
Director, Head of Climate Change and Resource Security Initiatives, World Economic Forum

Second year on the Committee

Until the end of 2013, Bernice was Research Director for Energy, Environment and Resources at Chatham House, the Royal Institute of International Affairs. She is the lead author of many publications, including Resources Futures (2012); Preparing for High Impact and Low Probability Events (2012); Who Owns our Low Carbon Future? Energy Technologies and Intellectual Property (2009).

Bernice is a member of the climate change advisory board of the Children Investment Fund Foundation; the board of the Chatham House Academy for International Leadership; the China Council Task Force on Green Transition in China. She was a member of the World Economic Forum Global Agenda Council on Climate Change. 

Mark Brownstein

Mark Brownstein

Mark Brownstein
Vice President of the Climate and Energy Program at Environmental Defense Fund

First year on the Committee 2015

Mark Brownstein is Vice President of the Climate and Energy Program at Environmental Defense Fund. Mark leads EDF’s work on the oil and gas industry with particular focus on methane emissions and the risks to public health and environment associated with unconventional oil and gas development. He also specialises in a variety of electric and gas utility-related policy and regulatory issues.

Prior to joining EDF, Mark held a variety of business strategy and environmental management positions within Public Service Enterprise Group (PSEG), one of the largest electric and gas utility holding companies in the United States.

Mark is a member of the Electric Power Research Institute’s Public Advisory Board, the University of Pennsylvania’s Kleinman Center for Energy Policy Advisory Board, and the Keystone Center Energy Board. He is also an adjunct professor of law at New York University Law School where he co-teaches a seminar on public policy and energy project finance. Mark holds a J.D. from the University of Michigan Law School, and a B.A. from Vassar College.

Lavinia Hollanda

Lavinia Hollanda

Lavinia Hollanda,
Head of Research, FGV Energia

First year on the Committee 2015

Lavinia Hollandais, CFA, is Head of Research at FGV Energia, the center for energy studies at FGV, which focus on Energy Policy. Since joining FGV Energia, she has written and coordinated several publications in the energy sector, and participated in numerous panels and seminars related to energy or economics. Her main areas of interest include energy policy and planning, regulation and competition, distributed energy resources, consumer behaviour, energy and oil and gas auctions, and design of markets.  

Before moving into academia, Lavinia worked in the private sector for 10 years, mainly in the financial market, where she was an equity analyst in the electricity and oil and gas sectors at the investment bank Credit Suisse/Garantia. More recently, she has worked on applied research projects in the oil and gas, electricity and transport sectors, for Petrobras, Abradee (the Brazilian Association of Electricity Distribution Companies) and the Government of the State of Rio de Janeiro. 

Lavinia has a doctorate in economics from the Postgraduate School of Economics at the Getulio Vargas Foundation (EPGE/FGV) in Rio de Janeiro. She also holds a degree in electrical engineering from the (University of Campinas, São Paulo State) and a master’s degree in economics from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ).  

Ed Whittingham

Ed Whittingham

Ed Whittingham
Executive Director, Pembina Institute

First year on the Committee 2015

Ed Whittingham is the Executive Director of the Pembina Institute, Canada’s leading energy and environment research organization. Pembina Institute aims to advance clean energy solutions through research, advocacy and consulting across Canada. In 2011, Ed was named to Canada’s 2012 Clean50 list, which honours 50 outstanding contributors to sustainable development and clean capitalism in Canada.

From 2005 to 2010, Ed directed the Institute's consulting programme, through which he has led a variety of stakeholder, policy and technical analysis projects around sustainable energy production and consumption. These projects have been for provincial and federal government departments and corporate clients in energy, energy services, utilities, pipelines, financial services, pulp and paper and real property. He also regularly assists the Institute's policy research projects in areas around sustainable transportation policies, clean electricity, carbon capture and storage and heavy oil extraction.

Ed is also a faculty member of Leadership Development at The Banff Centre, and an advisory council member of the Network for Business Sustainability (Richard Ivey School of Business, University of Western Ontario), the Centre of Excellence in Responsible Business (Schulich School of Business, York University), and the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on the Future of Oil and Gas.

Ed holds an International MBA from York University’s Schulich School of Business, where he specialised in corporate sustainability and international business. 

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