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LNG supply projects and regasification plants
Shell has LNG supply projects– either in operation or under construction – in seven countries. Once at its destination, LNG is turned back into a gas by warming so that it can be piped to customers. Shell has major interests in two regasification plants (Altamira, Mexico, and Hazira, India), and long-term access to capacity in several others in Europe, the Middle East and North America.
Currently under construction, the Pluto LNG project has an expected production capacity of 4.3 million tonnes a year.
We have an indirect interest in Pluto through our 24% shareholding in Woodside, an Australian publicly traded oil and gas exploration and production company.
North West Shelf Venture, Australia
Shell is one of the participants - and founding owners - in the North West Shelf Venture.
In 1985 construction started on the LNG plant near Karratha, Western Australia. In 1989 the NWS Venture exported the first cargo of Australian LNG to Japan, two months ahead of schedule. Since then four more liquefaction units have been completed, the latest in 2008.
The Brunei LNG (BLNG) plant, in Brunei Darussalam, started operations in 1972 and was the first LNG project to deliver 5,000 cargoes.
The BLNG plant was the first LNG plant in the Western Pacific and was built to serve growing demand in the Asia-Pacific region.
In more than 30 years it has never missed a contractual delivery. BLNG is undergoing a second rejuvenation to extend its life by a further 20 years from 2013.
Shell first traded at local and regional ports in Malaysia in the early 1890s. Now Shell is a shareholder in Petronas-operated Malaysia LNG Dua and Malaysia LNG Tiga, in operation since 1995 and 2003 respectively. It produces LNG mostly for customers in north-east Asia, including Japan, Korea, Taiwan and China.
Nigeria LNG is the fastest-growing LNG project in the world and is one of the largest LNG suppliers in the Atlantic market. It has long-term supply agreements for deliveries to Europe and North America. Construction began in 1996, with its first two LNG liquefaction units coming on-stream three years later. Since then, four more units have been added, the latest in 2007.
Qalat and Oman LNG
Qalat and Oman LNG have the lowest CO2 emissions of any LNG plant in a warm climate thanks to their efficient design.
Qalhat had the lowest completion cost per tonne of annual capacity and plant start-up took just nine days.
Qatargas 4, Qatar
In 2006, construction started on Qatargas 4, in Qatar’s Ras Laffan Industrial City. LNG from this plant will go mainly to the North American market, and Asia and the Middle East. We are a partner in this project with Qatar Petroleum, one of the world’s largest producers of LNG.
Sakhalin 2, Russia
Sakhalin 2 is a massive integrated oil and liquefied natural gas project. Russia’s first LNG liquefaction plant is well positioned to supply the LNG market in both the Asia-Pacific region and the West Coast of North America.
The Hazira regasification plant started operations in 2005. It procures LNG in the international market to match the commercial needs of customers in north and north-west India.
The Altamira regasification plant boosts Mexico’s long-term energy security. Shell delivered Mexico’s first LNG cargo in 2006. Altamira was first to provide LNG as a new source of natural gas for Mexico