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LNG supply projects and regasification plants
Shell has LNG supply projects – either in operation or under construction – in seven countries. Once at its destination, LNG is turned back into a gas by warming so that it can be piped to customers. Shell has major interests in one regasification plant (Hazira, India), and long-term access to capacity in several others in Europe, the Middle East and North America.
Pluto LNG, Australia
The Pluto LNG plant in Western Australia, operated by Woodside, has onshore infrastructure which comprises a single LNG processing train with an expected production capacity of 4.3 million tonnes per year. Storage and loading facilities at the plant include two LNG tanks with a combined capacity of 240,000 m³, three smaller condensate tanks and an LNG and condensate export jetty.
Shell has an indirect interest in Pluto LNG through its 13.6% indirect interest in Woodside, the operator of Pluto LNG.
North West Shelf Venture, Australia
Shell is a foundation participant in the North West Shelf venture, along with five other joint venture participants, BHP Billiton Petroleum, BP Developments Australia, Chevron Australia, MIMI and Woodside (operator).
The North West Shelf project accounts for more than 40% of Australia’s oil and gas and the majority of Western Australia’s total domestic gas production.
The NWS project supplies oil and gas to Australian, Asia Pacific and other international markets from huge offshore gas and condensate fields in the Carnarvon Basin off the north-west coast of Australia. The NWS project has delivered around 4,000 LNG cargoes since 1989.
The Brunei LNG (BLNG) plant, in Brunei Darussalam, started operations in 1972. It was the first LNG plant in the Western Pacific to pioneer large-scale liquefaction and transportation of natural gas, helping to establish LNG as a global energy source. Brunei LNG is one of the world's leading suppliers of LNG with over 40 years of experience in the industry. It serves the growing demand in the Asia-Pacific region, with long-term customers in Japan and Korea.
Shell first traded at local and regional ports in Malaysia in the early 1890s. Now Shell is a shareholder in Petronas-operated Malaysia LNG Dua and Malaysia LNG Tiga, in operation since 1995 and 2003 respectively. It produces LNG mostly for customers in north-east Asia, including Japan, Korea, Taiwan and China.
Nigeria LNG (NLNG) grew rapidly from one to six trains in the period 1999 to 2007 and is one of the largest LNG suppliers in the Atlantic market. It has long-term supply agreements for deliveries to Europe and North America and also serves the Far East markets. Construction began in 1996, and its first two LNG liquefaction units coming on-stream in 1999. Since then, four more units have been added, the latest in 2007.
Qalat and Oman LNG
Oman LNG was established by Royal Decree in 1994. The company operates three liquefaction trains – two owned by Oman LNG and one by Qalhat LNG – at its site in Qalhat (near Sur, some 200km south east of Muscat) with a nameplate capacity of 10.4 million tonnes per annum.
Oman LNG’s shareholders are the Government of Oman (51%), Shell (30%), Total (5.5%), Korea LNG (5%), Mitsubishi (2.8%), Mitsui (2.8%), Partex (2%) and Itochu (0.9%). Oman LNG owns 36.8% of Qalhat LNG. Oman LNG’s first cargo was loaded in April 2000. The LNG plant is supplied from the gas gathering plant at Saih Rawl in the central Oman gas field complex through a 360-kilometre pipeline, operated by Petroleum Development Oman (PDO).
Qatargas 4, Qatar
Qatargas 4 is Shell’s first entry into Qatar’s liquefied natural gas (LNG) sector. The single LNG mega train delivers approximately 7.8 million tonnes per annum of LNG.
LNG production began in 2011 at Qatargas 4, in Qatar’s Ras Laffan Industrial City. LNG from the plant will go mainly to Europe, Middle East and Asia in the coming years. Qatargas 4 is a fully integrated liquefied natural gas (LNG) asset with joint ownership by Qatar Petroleum (70%) and Shell (30%). It comprises offshore production platforms and pipelines, onshore gas processing, treatment and liquefaction facilities and a fleet of LNG carriers.
Sakhalin-2 is one of the world’s largest integrated, export-oriented oil and gas projects. Sakhalin Energy Investment Company Ltd., the project operator, is owned by Gazprom, Shell, Mitsui and Mitsubishi. The project infrastructure includes three offshore platforms, an onshore processing facility, 300 km of offshore pipelines and 1,600 km of onshore pipelines, an oil export facility and a liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant.
Russia’s first LNG liquefaction plant is well positioned to supply the LNG market in both the Asia-Pacific region and North America.
The Hazira regasification plant started operations in 2005. It procures LNG in the international market to meet the commercial needs of customers in west and north of India.
The Hazira LNG Terminal and Port is partnered by Shell Gas B.V. and Total Gaz Electricité Holdings France, representing two of the largest private LNG suppliers in the world. Total has a shareholding of 26% in each of the companies that comprise the Hazira LNG Terminal and Port project, known collectively as Hazira Group Companies (HGC).
Commissioned in 1999, Atlantic LNG is located in Trinidad and Tobago in the Southern Caribbean. It is one of the largest LNG facilities in the world.
The four-train 14.8 metric tonne per annum (mtpa) facility is noted for its deliverability and strong HSSE track record, having recorded more than 25 million working hours – or seven consecutive years – without a lost-time injury (LTI) in 2014.
Atlantic LNG is a joint venture operating company which comprises three holding companies. The holding companies own the joint venture’s four LNG trains, either individually or in combination. Shell is one of five companies with shareholdings in the three holding companies, owning a 20-25% non-operating interest in each, and has LNG offtake agreements that provide a strategic supply position in the Atlantic basin.
Peru LNG is the first natural gas liquefaction plant in South America. It receives dry gas through a 408-kilometer pipeline that stretches from the highlands in the Peruvian Andes to the coast. Shell has 20% equity in the plant and 100% of the offtake, which is built inside a 521-hectares complex, 170 km south of Lima, the capital city. Peru LNG started operations in June 2010 and celebrated its 200th cargo on March 2014.