Powering more of the cars we drive with electricity is one of the keys to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The pace of change could be quite different from one country to the next, but electricity could – over time – replace fuels such as petrol/gasoline and diesel.
If the move to electric cars is to help society achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement, the electricity would need to be generated, increasingly, from sources such as wind and solar. This is the direction taken by Shell’s latest energy scenario, Sky, which meets the goals of the Paris Agreement by bringing global emissions to net-zero by 2070. Sky illustrates a pathway for the world to take that is technically possible but could be significantly challenging.
Consider that today electricity provides just 20% of the final energy the world uses in the global energy system. A lot more electricity will be needed to power cars and many other products and services society needs. However, an early sign of the shift to electricity in Sky is the switch to electric cars.