Carbon capture and storage projects
Carbon capture and storage is the name given to a combination of technologies that captures and stores carbon dioxide deep underground, preventing its release into the atmosphere.
We are helping to develop large-scale commercial projects and have research partnerships with industry and leading academic institutes. Our current activities include:
Shell is a partner in the Gorgon liquefied natural gas project which will include the world's largest CCS operation when complete.
The natural gas contains high concentrations of CO2 and therefore the project plans to capture 3 to 4 million tonnes of CO2 each year.
It is expected that 100 million tonnes of CO2 will be captured and stored over the life of the project.
Quest is a fully integrated CCS facility, designed to capture, transport and store more than a million tonnes of CO2 annually deep underground. In less than five years since its start up, Quest has captured and safely stored five million tonnes of CO2 and at a lower cost than anticipated.
Quest is operated by Shell on behalf of the Athabasca Oil Sands Project and was made possible through funding for CCS from the governments of Alberta and Canada, which provided C$745 million and C$120 million of funding respectively.
Shell is sharing the knowledge and lessons learned from building Quest to encourage more widespread implementation of CCS. View Quest’s knowledge sharing reports here.
The Quest CCS facility captured and stored one million tonnes of CO2 within its first year of operation
Shell Cansolv CCS technology
CCS technology developed by Shell Cansolv is now in use at the Boundary Dam power station in Saskatchewan, Canada. Boundary Dam is SaskPower’s largest coal-fired power station and a significant source of power for the region.
CCS has been installed in one unit of the plant and will be able to capture around 1 million tonnes of CO2 a year. Most of the CO2 will be used for enhanced oil recovery to improve efficiency in nearby oil fields and then permanently stored underground.
Technology Centre Mongstad (TCM), Norway
As the world’s largest test centre for developing CO2 capture technologies and a leading competence centre for carbon capture, Technology Centre Mongstad (TCM) helps reduce the costs and risks of carbon capture technology deployment.The facility has a unique scale and flexibility in terms of ability to simulate real-world conditions for post-combustion capture, and ability to test a multitude of different mature and emerging technologies in a cost-effective manner. A number of key CCS companies have qualified their technologies at TCM since its inauguration in 2012. TCM is owned by the Norwegian State through Gassnova (73.9 %), together with industry partners Shell, Equinor and Total – each holding a 8.7% equity.
Northern Lights, Norway
The Northern Lights project includes transportation, receipt and permanent storage of CO2 in a reservoir in the Norwegian North Sea. Northern Lights is part of the Norwegian State’s demonstration project ‘Full-scale CO2 handling chain in Norway’, which also includes CO2 capture from up to two industrial plants, cement and waste-to-energy, in Eastern Norway. The project is a collaboration between Shell, Total and Equinor. The partners reached investment decision in May 2020, conditional upon further relevant governmental and administrative approvals and consents, and expect to set up a Joint Venture (JV) company.
Pending final investment decision by the Norwegian authorities later in 2020, Northern Lights could become the first ever CO2 storage with capacity to store CO2 from multiple industrial facilities, from Norwegian and potentially also European sources.
Shell is also the technology provider for the proposed CO2 capture facility at Fortum Oslo Varme waste-to-energy plant.
Researching carbon capture in Norway
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Shell’s target is to become a net-zero emissions energy business by 2050, in step with society.