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Physical characteristics Key technical properties Value/unit  Main applications
Evaporation rate: Very Fast Boiling Range 35-37°C Blowing agents
Solvency Power:  Medium Flash Point <-50°C Reaction media
Impurities: Very Low Aromatics content <5 mg/kg Aerosol propellant
Odour: Very Low Benzene content <3 mg/kg Electronic cleaning
- n-Pentane content 98% Refrigerant
- Sulphur <1 mg/kg Laboratory

Product overview

n-Pentane is unique among hydrocarbon solvents in that it has a high concentration of a single component. Our n-Pentane has a consistent composition and very high purity, containing a minimum of 95% of n-Pentane isomer. Carefully controlled production conditions also results in very low levels of aromatics and other impurities.

Pentane is colourless with a very low odour and high volatility thanks to its low, narrow boiling range – it is among the lowest boiling hydrocarbon liquids and so evaporates at a very high rate. It is used principally as a blowing agent in foam production, as a propellant in aerosols and as reaction media for polymerisation processes.

Pentane plays a fundamental role in the production of polystyrene and polyurethane foams, serving as a blowing agent that helps to expand the raw plastic material and create the honeycomb structure within the foam that imparts excellent thermal properties. This makes these foams ideal for insulation applications.

In polymerisation pentane acts as a diluent to dissolve components and assist the reaction between other chemicals without interfering with the process itself. Its narrow boiling range also helps to maintain a constant temperature during the reaction, leading to less production variability.



Technical Datasheet Americas Africa Asia-Pacific Europe
Pentane N/A N/A N/A Datasheet

How to buy from us

Shell Chemicals can supply a broad range of bulk hydrocarbon and chemical solvents to industrial customers. To make an initial enquiry, please complete this contact us to buy form.

Before you do, please read the following essential information on doing business with us:


Safety is our number one priority. As well as providing customers with information on the safe and environmentally responsible use of our products, we are committed to ensuring that risks to the safety of our staff and our contractors are reduced to the lowest reasonably practicable level. We therefore require assurance from customers that appropriate safety standards for unloading and storage are met before we make deliveries (see the HSSE addenda in our general Terms & Conditions of Sale below). Our HSSE specialists can provide guidance on these standards.

Delivery modes

Customers can order and have the product delivered by Shell or collect the product themselves from one of our manufacturing facilities. Available modes of delivery include truck, rail, or inter-modal (separate conditions apply).

In case of customer collections, the Shell site minimum requirements apply. For collection by barge or tanker special safety/vetting standards and requirements apply.

Minimum order size

Deliveries by road should involve fully loaded trucks of minimum 22 tonnes made up of one product. If you collect the product from our site the minimum order size is 18 tonnes.


Shell’s standard payment method is Direct Debit 30 days from invoice.

Delivery documentation

The following documents are provided with each delivery:

  • Bill of Lading, CMR Waybill or other relevant transport document
  • Certificate of Analysis or Conformity (if required)
  • HSSE-related documentation in line with regulations
  • Customs documentation in line with regulations (if required)

Please also see:

 “Product descriptions are for information purposes only. Products sold by Shell Chemicals companies shall comply with specifications included in the relevant sales contract. Shell Chemicals make no other warranty or representation of any kind concerning the products sold, whether of their merchantability and fitness for any particular purpose or otherwise, and none shall be implied.”


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