The IH² (Integrated Hydropyrolysis and Hydroconversion) technology is a continuous catalytic thermochemical process estimated to provide a cost-effective route, from a broad spectrum of organic wastes to fungible liquid hydrocarbon transportation fuels.
Useful feedstocks include virtually any type of non-food biomass — such as forestry and agricultural residues, algae, aquatic plants and cellulosic fractions of municipal waste, including most types of plastic — to gasoline, jet and diesel range hydrocarbon fuels and/or blend stocks. This process was invented by the Gas Technology Institute (GTI) of Des Plaines, IL in 2009 and further developed with CRI from 2010. GTI has licensed the IH² technology to CRI Catalyst Company (CRI) for exclusive worldwide deployment.
Based on the laboratory studies with more than 10,000 hours on stream data, capital estimations have been completed for full-scale design feed rates up to 2,000 tonnes/day. Economics for the 2,000 tonnes/day woody biomass feed and 60.9 million gallon/year facility were conducted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), the capital which has been validated by a global engineering and construction company. Based on the NREL economic estimate, the minimum fuel selling price (MFSP), inflated to 2012 dollars, would be ~$2.00/gallon. Using data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration, a simplified average breakeven crude price estimate of $60/bbl was generated for the NREL techno-economic analysis.