Shell is investing in the development of alternative fuels to help meeting growing demand for transport in a low carbon energy future.
Transport now accounts for more than one-quarter of the world’s total energy use, and one fifth of global energy-related CO2 emissions. The International Energy Agency estimates that the number of cars on the road is likely to double by 2050.
The way we move the world’s growing number of people and goods must be balanced with efforts to reduce emissions to reduce CO2 and local emissions.
Shell is a leader in the development of biofuels, which produce fewer CO2 emissions than petrol over its life cycle. In Brazil, with our joint venture Raízen, we have a facility capable of turning sugar cane waste into fuel. Raizen already produces one of the lowest-CO2 biofuels available today, ethanol from sugar cane in Brazil.
In Bangalore, India, we have opened a plant showcasing an advanced biofuel process, which turns biomass and waste into fuel that can be put straight into a car, van or truck.
In Germany, we are partners with the government and five companies in a programme to install a national network of around 400 hydrogen fuelling stations (230 Shell-branded) in Germany by 2023. The only exhaust emission from hydrogen-fuelled electric vehicles is water.
We are also making inroads into the electric car market. From 2017, Shell will launch electric vehicle fast-charging services at a selection of Shell forecourts in the UK and the Netherlands. This service will take around just 30 minutes to refuel. Other countries are expected to follow.
Shell has also been looking at how charging of vehicles can be successfully integrated to the power grid and is the early stages of launching a smart charging technology service.
We also offer gas-to-liquid technology (GTL) for transport, which can help lower local emissions, and liquefied natural gas (LNG) for transport, which is emerging as a cleaner fuel to power heavy-duty transport. Shell now has six LNG fuelling stations in the Netherlands and are looking to expand across Europe. In 2016, we signed an agreement with Carnival Corporation to supply LNG to fuel two of the world’s largest passenger cruise ships.