In 2015, Shell paid more than $60.8 billion to governments. We paid $7.7 billion in income taxes around the world, and $2.7 billion in royalties. We collected $50.4 billion in excise duties, sales taxes and similar levies on our fuel and other products on behalf of governments.
Shell has also published details of payments made to governments in 2015 where it has upstream operations. This report, which details payments in 24 countries, is prepared in accordance with the UK’s Reports on Payments to Governments Regulations 2014 (as amended in December 2015). Full details including the basis of reporting and a breakdown by country are available in our Report on Payments to Governments.
In fulfilling the requirements set out by the UK we are bound by the regulations as they are set out, and are reporting on a different basis to the voluntary reports in previous years. For example, the report excludes payments related to refining, natural gas liquefaction or gas-to-liquids activities as these are not in scope of the UK regulations. For completeness, we continue to provide links to the previous reports made on the different voluntary basis.
Tax binds governments, communities and businesses together. Revenue transparency provides citizens with an important tool to hold their government representatives accountable and to advance good governance. Shell is committed to transparency as it builds trust. Trust is essential for a company that operates in our line of business, reflecting our core values of honesty, integrity and respect for people.
By fulfilling the mandatory disclosures in line with the new UK legislative requirements we demonstrate that extraction of natural resources can lead to the opportunity of government revenue, economic growth and social development.