The direct greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from facilities we operate were 76 million tonnes on a CO2-equivalent basis in 2014, up from 73 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent in 2013.
The main reasons for this increase were the restart of production at Majnoon in Iraq following completion of refurbishment activities and start-up of the new Central Processing Facility in September 2013, and higher production at the Pearl GTL plant in Qatar leading to increased operational flaring of excess waste gas.
The indirect GHG emissions from the energy we purchased (electricity, heat and steam) were 10 million tonnes on a CO2-equivalent basis in 2014, the same as in 2013.
We expect that maintaining the energy efficiency levels of recent years will be more difficult in the future as existing fields age and new production comes from more energy-intensive sources. This is expected to increase our GHG emissions over time.
Our focus is on the direct and indirect emissions of the companies and joint ventures where we are the operator.
For information on the limitations of our GHG data see the GHG Assurance data tab.
We have achieved external verification of our 2014 direct and indirect GHG data from facilities we operate.
See our GHG Assurance tab for more details.
Footnote: This new edition of the Petroleum Industry Guidelines of May 2011, (API, IPIECA, OGP) has revised chapters on organisational boundaries, references to scope 1, 2 and 3 emissions and uncertainty.
Shell and the Carbon Disclosure Project
Read more about our approach to climate change in our public response to the Carbon Disclosure Project.