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If you can imagine the management system as a capsule, then the environment within that capsule is “Leadership and Commitment”.  Leadership and commitment are essential to the life of all the other components of the system.


Policy and Strategic Objectives are at the front of the capsule because they point the way, defining the direction for the company’s activities.


People are the instruments by which the system is brought to life. They need to be fully trained, there needs to be adequate resource and they need to have clear definitions of their responsibilities and the standards to which they should work. This is included in the “Organisation. Responsibilities, Resources, Standards and Documentation” phase.


The Hazards and Effects Management Process  (HEMP) is the heart of the management system. It is simply a systematic method of identifying hazards, assessing risk, putting controls in place to guard against those risks and defining recovery measures should an incident happen. From this assessment, weaknesses in controls and recovery measures are identified and a remedial action plan is formed.


Adequate “Planning and Procedures” are required with respect to operations conducted in the business. This part of the management system also deals with the formation and testing of Emergency Response Plans.


The implementation phase comes next. Within this Implementation, Monitoring and Reporting phase targets are set, key performance indicators are developed and monitored and incidents (actual and potential) are reported and investigated so that learning points can be fed back into the management system.


Finally, there is a formal system of Audit and Management Review. An independent and internal HSSE audit programme is in place and management at global and Marine Centre levels regularly review the management system to ensure appropriate coverage of risks in the changing business environment.

Although the flow is primarily from the front of the “capsule” to the back, lessons learnt in the latter implementation, audit and review phases are fed back into the earlier phases.

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