Jump menu

Main content |  back to top

Environmental data 2004-2013
  2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004
Greenhouse gas emissions (GHG)                    
Direct total GHGs (million tonnes CO2 equivalent) [A] 73 72 74 76 69 75 82 88 93 101
Carbon dioxide (CO2) (million tonnes) 71 69 71 72 66 72 79 85 89 96
Methane (CH4) (thousand tonnes) 120 93 133 128 127 126 119 124 173 192
Nitrous oxide (N2O) (thousand tonnes) 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) (tonnes) 17 23 22 23 25 23 28 24 20 13
Energy indirect total GHGs (million tonnes CO2 equivalent) 10 9 10 9 9 n/c n/c n/c n/c n/c
Flaring
                   
Flaring (Upstream) (million tonnes CO2 equivalent) 7.4 7.7 10.0 10.4 7.8 8.8 9.7 14.3 20.8 24.6
Flaring (Upstream) (million tonnes hydrocarbon flared) 2.1 2.3 3.4 3.6 2.6 2.8 3.4 4.8 7.0 8.1
Nigeria [B] 1.1 1.5 2.0 2.4 1.9 2.3 2.5 3.7 5.8 6.6
Rest of world [C] 1.0 0.8 1.4 1.2 0.7 0.5 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.5
Energy intensity                    
Upstream excl. oil sands and GTL (gigajoules per tonne production) [D]
0.86 0.78 0.75 0.74 0.76 0.74 0.78 0.78 0.71 0.69
Oil sands (gigajoules per tonne production) [E] 6.5 6.6 6.4 6.8 6.6 6.4 5.7 5.3 5.2 5.8
Refineries: Refinery Energy Index [F] 95.6 98.4 100.8 101.8 102.2 98.9 98.6 98.4 98.0 96.7
Chemical plants: Chemicals Energy Index 89.8 91.7 90.8 89.3 92.0 93.0 92.6 92.5 95.8 93.3
Acid gases and VOCs                    
Sulphur oxides (SOx) (thousand tonnes SO2) 99 113 136 139 141 175 212 233 226 247
Nitrogen oxides (NOX) (thousand tonnes NO2) 156 147 146 159 142 150 145 154 157 172
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) (thousand tonnes) 89 89 129 147 126 130 148 185 199 213
Ozone-depleting emissions                    
CFCs/halons/trichloroethane (tonnes) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.4 0.6 0.3 0.8 2.3
Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) (tonnes)
8 8 12 21 24 26 27 35 35 42
Spills and discharges [H, I]                    
Sabotage spills – volume (thousand tonnes) [J] 2.2 3.3 1.6 3.0 14.0 6.5 3.4 1.9 1.5 1.1
Sabotage spills – number [J] 157 137 118 112 95 115 197 123 111 101
Operational spills – volume (thousand tonnes) [K] 0.9 2.1 6.0 2.9 1.4 8.8 3.5 3.9 3.4 3.4
Nigeria 0.4 0.2 5.3 0.7 0.3 7.1 1.6 1.4 0.1 0.0
Rest of world 0.5 1.9 0.7 2.2 1.1 1.7 1.9 2.5 3.3 3.4
Operational spills – number [L] 174 207 211 195 275 275 392 465 560 711
Nigeria [M] 31 37 64 32 37 42 52 41 63 48
Rest of world 143 170 147 163 238 233 340 424 497 663
Hurricane spills – volume (thousand tonnes) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.9 1.0
Oil in effluents to surface environment (thousand tonnes) 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.8 2.3 2.1
Water                    
Fresh water use (million cubic metres) 198 203 209 202 198 224 235 n/c n/c n/c
Waste disposal                    
Hazardous (thousand tonnes) 770 820 740 1,048 962 688 907 716 631 714
Non-hazardous (thousand tonnes)
2,065 2,295 1,850 1,079 1,139 996 1,899 1,154 632 421
Total waste (thousand tonnes) [N]
2,835 3,115 2,590 2,127 2,101 1,684 2,806 1,870 1,263 1,135

[A] Greenhouse gas emissions comprise carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride. The data are calculated using locally regulated methods where they exist. Where there is no locally regulated method, the data are calculated using the 2009 API Compendium, which is the recognised industry standard under the GHG Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard. There are inherent limitations to the accuracy of such data. Oil and gas industry guidelines (IPIECA/API/OGP) indicate that a number of sources of uncertainty can contribute to the overall uncertainty of a corporate emissions inventory..

[B] Nigeria includes SPDC onshore operations (1.0 million tonnes flared in 2013) and SNEPCo offshore operations (0.1 million tonnes flared in 2013).

[C] Flaring from the Pearl GTL plant in Qatar and the Majnoon field in Iraq amounted to 0.1 and 0.3 million tonnes of hydrocarbons respectively in 2013.

[D] 2013 data reported on a consistent basis with previous years in accordance with IPIECA/API/OGP guidance 2005.

[E] The data includes mining and upgrading operations. It does not include in-situ production.

[F] Data is indexed to 2002, based on Solomon Associates Energy Intensity Index 2006 methodology.

[G] We have updated our 2011 figure following review of the data.

[H] All spill volumes and numbers are for spills over 100 kilograms.

[I] As of the end of March 2014, there were four spills under investigation in Nigeria that may result in adjustments (all were before 2013).

[J] All sabotage- and theft-related spills have occurred in Nigeria except in 2007 (0.7 thousand tonnes outside Nigeria) and 2006 (0.6 thousand tonnes outside Nigeria).

[K] Nigeria includes SPDC onshore operations and SNEPCo offshore operations. A single spill at the Bonga field offshore Nigeria amounted to 4.8 thousand tonnes in 2011.

[L] We have updated our 2012 figure following review of the data. The numbers of operational spills reported for 2004 and 2005 contain a small number of hurricane spills.

[M] We have updated our 2012 figure following review of the data. Nigeria includes SPDC onshore operations (30 operational spills in 2013) and SNEPCo offshore operations (1 operational spill in 2013).

[N] In 2013, we sent waste offsite for recycling or reuse, or sold over 450 thousand tonnes of material that would otherwise have been disposed of as waste.

n/c = not calculated.