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Royal Dutch Shell is an English company listed on the London Stock Exchange and is subject to the authority of the Financial Services Authority (FSA) in the United Kingdom. Consequently, Royal Dutch Shell follows the corporate governance principles set out in the UK Corporate Governance Code (the Code). Set forth below is a summary of the significant ways in which our corporate governance practices differ from US companies under the NYSE listing standards.

Non-executive Director Independence

The Board follows the provisions of the Code in respect of Non-executive Director independence. The Code states that at least half the Board, excluding the Chairman, should comprise Non-executive Directors determined by the Board to be independent. In the case of the Company, the Board has determined that a majority of Non-executive Directors are wholly independent.

Nominating/Corporate Governance Committee and Compensation Committee

The NYSE listing standards require that a listed company maintain a Nominating/Corporate Governance Committee and a Compensation Committee, both composed entirely of independent directors and with certain specific responsibilities. The Company’s Nomination and Succession Committee and Remuneration Committee, respectively, comply with these requirements, except that the terms of reference of the Nomination and Succession Committee require only a majority of the committee members to be independent.

Audit Committee

As required by NYSE listing standards, the Company maintains an Audit Committee for the purpose of assisting the Board’s oversight of the financial statements, its internal audit function and its independent auditors. The Company’s Audit Committee is in full compliance with the US Securities and Exchange Commission’s Rule 10A-3 and Section 303A.06 of the NYSE Listed Company Manual.

However, in accordance with English law, the Company’s Audit Committee makes recommendations to the Board, for it to put to shareholders for approval in General Meeting, regarding the appointment, re-appointment and removal of independent auditors. Consequently, the Company’s Audit Committee is not directly responsible for the appointment of independent auditors.

Shareholder Approval of share-based compensation plans

The Company complies with the listing rules of the UK Listing Authority (UKLA) which require shareholder approval for the adoption of share-based compensation plans which are either long-term incentive schemes in which Directors can participate or schemes which may involve the issue of new shares.

Under the UKLA rules, such plans cannot be changed to the advantage of participants without shareholder approval, except for certain minor amendments, for example to benefit the administration of the plan or to take account of tax benefits. The rules on the requirements to seek shareholder approval for share-based compensation plans, including those in respect of material revisions to such plans, may deviate from the NYSE listing standards.

Code of Ethics

The NYSE listing standards require that listed companies adopt a code of business conduct and ethics for all directors, officers and employees and promptly disclose any waivers of the code for directors or executive officers. The Company has adopted the Shell General Business Principles  which satisfy the NYSE requirements. The Company also has internal procedures in place by which any employee can raise in confidence accounting, internal accounting controls and auditing concerns. Additionally, any employee can report irregularities to management through a worldwide dedicated telephone line and website without jeopardising his or her position.

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